3.3 Expectations of the New System
The new system has the ability to regulate all kinds of values in society by using past labour points that will equally present income and voting power to each individual. Among others things, past labour points may regulate the world population. Granting a stimulating quantity of past labour points for childbirth may increase a low population. And vice versa, a high population may be decreased by removing a sufficient number of past labour points from the couples who would like to have more children than society finds appropriate. The system will develop the same kind of responsibility for protecting the human environment. It will make the whole planet Earth clean and healthy. By the help from past labour points it will be possible to influence humankind to become highly responsible towards its future.
The new system will not need a large number of today’s work posts any more. The reduction of work posts will start with administration, national defence, police, marketing, trading, insurance companies, etc. Administration will be significantly less needed because accountancy will be automatic. National defence will not be needed because no threat for any nation will exist anymore. Police will not be needed because no threat for individuals will exist anymore. Marketing will not be needed because no competition among companies will exist anymore. Traders will be significantly less needed because consumers will mostly order consumption directly from producers. Insurance will not be needed because the system will directly provide social and any other insurance to all of the people. It is hard right now to name precisely all the work posts that will not be needed in the future but we may assume they would probably be work posts in direct production and services for satisfaction of the natural needs of society. We are talking about approximately half of today’s work posts. If we take into account that the system insures full employment of workers, then such a reduction will automatically reduce needed working hours to 4 hours per worker per day for the realization of the same productivity as today. Besides, the shorter work hours will reduce inconveniences that work may bring so that the direct value of work will be greater.
The work, while lasting, directly brings conveniences and inconveniences. The individual aspires for the work that brings more benefits, and tries to avoid inconvenient work. In the proposed system, each worker will have a great opportunity to choose the work that will, while lasting, brings them major conveniences under the condition that they achieve a satisfactory productivity. It may be supposed that each worker will, in the field of their own working interest, invest more effort, which will augment their working abilities, and will thus exercise the right to work in their own interest.
The workers unable to accomplish a satisfactory productivity in work forms convenient to them may be released from the work duty; however, they will realize a smaller income than employed workers. Each worker who during their length of service and by inheritance gathers a larger quantity of past labour points, can also be released from any form of work and simultaneously acquire, on the basis of past labour results, a satisfactory share in the income distribution.
When work brings more conveniences to workers it will become a direct value. Such workers will, therefore, lower the current work price in order to achieve a higher competitive power for the desired work post. Some workers employed at work posts bringing them a great convenience will over time accept income equal to if they are not working, or an even lower one. This means that to such workers the work will be a higher value than the value arising from using the operating results. They will achieve the right to the work in their own interest on account of a smaller share in income distribution. Even today, a great many persons would be willing to work on a gratis basis in today's attractive work posts, such as the post of state presidents or a main movie actor. The new system will demystify the value of work posts. When all work posts become equally accessible to the people, work practice will remove their alienated mystic value. Also the system will make all work posts equally attractive which will equalize demand for all work posts.
The work forms that will be to a considerable extent inconvenient will be identified by a higher current work price. It may be assumed that these will be manual, physical, and non-creative work forms, such as line production, mining, building or agriculture. Such work forms will be assisted or fully replaced by automation.
The technological progress in production today has already managed to rid the individual of markedly inconvenient forms of work, and this process will further develop. Further on, management in the economy can redistribute the inconvenient forms of work onto several work posts over a short work time, which will contribute to the balanced distribution of working burden. The development of technology and new work distribution, with the application of work competition, will bring much greater benefits to the workers. That means that the workers will start to achieve higher conveniences in work than they are able to achieve out of work. In such a system, the work will become a direct value.
The direct value of the work advocates working conveniences of being, arising from the work itself. Being conveniences have long and intensive periods up to the state of saturation. The new system can contribute to the understanding that a durable, intensive, and balanced form of convenience arises from being. Being understands all activities in the forming of and satisfying of the needs. In the first place, it embraces a free decision-making and creative acting in production but also in politics, science, culture, sports and all others forms of activities. The proposed system allows a great opportunity of being in all fields, thus offering the possibility to each individual to ensure the great conveniences of living.
The indirect value of the work advocates the conveniences arising from the consumption of goods produced by work. In their process of defetishization and demystification the system promotes, the goods can quickly satisfy the natural needs of the individual. The described system of work competition advocates a highly productive form of economy that will bring an abundance of consumer products. The new system of distribution of the means of consumption will enable their use by each and every individual. When an abundance of the means of consumption will be accessible to each individual, it will help the individual to get rid of the alienated idea of power creation by possession of goods. If the supply of commodities exceeds the consumption needs, commodities will lose their alienated trade value. The characteristic of the natural use of commodities is an easy and quick saturation after which further consumption of goods can no longer bring conveniences to the individual.
It should be said that due to the system of work competition, productivity would be much higher than it is today. The production rise in the developed world will by time create general consumers saturation. The consumer mentality will become less pronounced and the society interest in commodity consumption will stagnate or fall. Besides that, we should take into account the process of disalienation of society that will decrease the society’s needs for consumption by finding of subsistence values, so that the large production we have today will not be needed any more.
Stagnation in the development of the profit economic productivity in the classical disassociated system of business activity leads to crisis in labour distribution and in the distribution of operating results and, consequently, to the socio-economic crisis. The new socio-economic system will overcome such crisis by a fast and painless labour reorganization and by an additional shortening of necessary work time. Most likely the future will not require more than two to three hours of work per worker per day for the realisation of such a productivity that will satisfy the needs of society. By shortening work time, the inconvenient form of work is reduced even more, while on the other hand the work freedom can provide to workers great working benefits. Then the direct value of work will further grow.
The reduction of working hours does not mean that the system will prevent some are from working as much as they want. Presented is an average quantity of work that will produce rich enough natural standard of living to all of the people. The workers will probably work two days per week and will have a five day long weekend.
Is it possible? Not only is it possible but also a necessity of the future production that capitalism may not be able to achieve at all. Today, many companies spend more work hours searching for products that the market would demand then they do in production. They also invest more work hours in marketing and trading in order to find customers then in the production of commodities. The producers often produce goods without utility value with the hope that they will sell their products with the help of shallow propaganda and low prices. In the market economy, they do not have another choice. They have to produce something in order to earn money for a living. What a senseless waste of natural resources! What a senseless life!
The future will require and the new system will implement a huge rationalisation of natural resource spending. It is possible through new inventions, better organisation of work, and by the change in human needs through the process of disalienation.
It may be expected that in a technologically more developed production most workers will experience more and more conveniences at work, and in order to increase their work competitiveness will reduce their current work price, and therefore income. When the overall working interest becomes greater than production needs, the entire population will vote for increasing the minimal income of workers in order to diminish the income-based interest of employment. A more sizable competition-related reduction in the current work price will no longer be able to lower the income, and therefore the worker's coefficient of responsibility will form a stronger work competition power coupled with productivity.
The increase of minimal income will proportionally lower other incomes because the amount of money for all the incomes of population is limited. A decrease in the difference among the workers' incomes will have no impact on the private holding of past labour points. The individual’s quantity of past labour points will remain untouched in the ownership of each inhabitant, as a demonstration of individual productive power.
The higher coefficient of responsibility will further largely increase the quantity of past labour points of workers in the case of either individual or collective rise in productivity. In the case of a fall in workers' either individual or collective productivity, workers who express a higher coefficient of responsibility will be sanctioned to a larger extent by a reduction in the quantity of past labour points. It is already presented that the system will direct each individual to form their natural needs within the limits of their own possibility of realization, which ensures the realization of envisaged productivity. That is also the basis of constructive social orientation.
The market economy adopted by this system will not be able to envisage successfully the social needs enough. The production economy that does not find demand for its products incurs losses. In the described system the issue of producers' responsibility will tighten, because the losses in the economy will be sanctioned by past labour points. For this reason, the economy will have to gradually search for a more secure form of business activity and will find it in production for the known consumer. Even today, for special and expensive forms of consumption, production is formed according to consumer orders.
The new system envisages collective social consumption as consumption according to consumer orders. In order to accomplish an even more stable business activity, the associated economy can gradually request from the population to plan and order its special material needs. Production according to consumer orders would gradually create a democratic planned economy, which would no longer be able to ccreate disinvestments and thus incur losses. Such an economy would bring stability and prosperity to the society.
Assets intended for profit economic development will be determined at the level of the commune, state or at world level according to direct democratic principles. In this way, all communes of the world will be given an opportunity to exert influence on the formation of the funds intended for profit economic development and will exercise the right to their use by their competitive ability in performing the business activity.
Economically developed parts of the world will sooner or later register a drop in consumer needs due to a general saturation, which will decrease the demand for cash assets intended for profit economic development. The decreased interest in profit economic development on the part of developed countries will simplify the access for developing countries to access the world’s collective cash assets intended for profit economic development. As time passes, developing countries will also develop to the state of consumer saturation. The world market, saturated with products of work, will diminish the need for profit economic development and, accordingly, the demand for money intended for the development of the economy. The world population will then vote for smaller appropriations of money for this purpose. It may be expected that at a higher degree of profit economic development of all mankind, assets intended for the development of market economy, as a form of large-size consumption will tend to zero.
However, the society will always have a need for developing its own production, which will require work and money. Money needed for economic development can be later earmarked from the fund of collective consumption money. Economic development in a developed society will no longer depend on the market, but on the production plan.
Once the assets intended for the development of the market economy tend to zero, the society will, to a larger extent, earmark the assets for consumption. It may be expected that the population saturated with individual consumption, and aware of the collective consumption rationality, will earmark a large portion of assets used for economic development for the collective consumption.
A larger amount of money intended for collective consumption will enable a larger, higher quality, and generally better collective consumption. The purpose of money assets for collective consumption will be determined directly by the population, by spilling over the assets into funds of their own interest. Certain funds that receive a larger amount of money will develop more the specific forms of collective consumption.
It may be expected that at some point in the society's development, certain amounts of money will, due to general saturation, remain unused in certain forms of collective consumption after meeting the specific purpose of consumption needs. Such money can gradually be used on the territory of the commune for the introduction of certain free-of-charge commodities that will be distributed to the people.
As free-of-charge or subsidized health-care and education already exist in the world today, it will be also possible to introduce free consumption of goods and new services. The distribution of free commodities is not an unknown event even to capitalism. For example in Toronto, the daily newspapers “Metro” is distributed free of charge. The purpose probably lies in the distribution of capitalist propaganda. Why would the free of charge distribution of goods not be possible in the new system? Free distribution should, in the first place, include goods and services inevitable for each inhabitant, such as food and transport, and then other forms of consumption as well, with which the market is saturated and can always satisfy the demand for.
The producers of free of charge goods will automatically become non-profit companies. Until that time, the system will already have equalized work and all values arising from work in non-profit and profit companies. The introduction of free-of-charge commodities does not mean a determined distribution of the means of consumption where each inhabitant would get a certain quantity of goods, as this is the most primitive form of consumption and represents a violation of inhabitants' needs. It understands a free distribution of commodities where each inhabitant will freely use them according to their own needs.
The introduction of free-of-charge consumption in no way means a fall in the quality of products, as is the case in the well-known socialist forms of collective consumption, because all work posts are subject to work competition in the function of productivity expressed by the quantity and quality of products, and by responsibility in terms of income and past labour-based points.
It may be assumed that the implementation of the introduction of free-of-charge commodities will begin on the territory of the most developed commune from the surpluses of the collective consumption fund in the commune. The leaders of the communes can, on the basis of social needs, accept jointly financed goods from the fund of collective commodity consumption. Then, goods will become available free of charge to people. Members of families do not charge each other for goods and services. It is about the whole world becoming one big family and that is what this book is about.
Collective commodity consumption and work competition will enable an expanded construction of all facilities necessary for the society, as well as their maintenance. The proposed system can ensure to each inhabitant the utilization of any housing premise if they are ready to pay the competitive rent. It may be assumed that over time some individuals with lower incomes will be able to lease more valuable housing premises if they deprive themselves of some other form of consumption. Such a possibility will contribute to the demystification of real estate value, or it will enable each individual to establish on the basis of their own practice the limits of natural needs in using the real estate. The use of large housing requires a lot of maintenance time against the opportunity of finding the power of Being in the rich social relations the new system offers. Moreover, with the decreasing difference among the levels of income, the difference among possibilities of rent paying will also decrease. Uniformity in the level of payable rent for housing will require the construction and adaptation of real estate of uniformed optimal values so as to have a uniform demand established.
A surplus of housing space can appear in such a system. The surplus of housing space does not have a trade value. As all housing spaces will be characterized by uniform high quality standards, it may be expected that apartments will lose their trade value. It may also be expected that in the developed world, rent on account of using real estate might tend to zero. In the exceptionally developed society where a surplus of housing space will exist, distribution of the real estate can be performed by mutual agreement among inhabitants. Past labour points will ensure a responsible behaviour of users toward real estate.
Once the society overcomes the need of presenting the alienated form of power by the possession of goods, it can expect to earmark increasingly large amounts of money for collective commodity consumption and decrease the amount of money intended for individual consumption. An understanding will be formed in the society that collective consumption is more rational both in terms of the degree of utilization of goods and consumption of natural resources.
I repeat, the drop in inhabitants' income does not bring into question the quantity of past labour points held by citizens. The quantity of past labour points of all workers in the commune is equal to the level of the commune's gross income. The gross income of the commune consists of assets for individual and collective consumption. With the decrease of individual income, collective income will grow. The gross income will remain the same so that the quantity of past labour points, presenting the individual's power in society, will also remain unchanged.
Larger appropriations of funds intended for collective commodity consumption would enable the introduction of new free-of-charge commodities to the point when all collective needs of the society will become satisfied. Funds intended for collective consumption can then begin covering the costs of specific material inhabitants' needs.
The system will develop the awareness that larger than normal consumption would not be necessary for the individual, and would thus not represent value. However, the system needs to be strong enough to satisfy the inhabitants that would still have alienated material needs, irrespective of the fact that possession as such would not be a value in the society. The system will perhaps develop such social awareness that will portray possession as a negative trait of the individual's character, and such orientation would be shameful and sanctioned by bad assessments of the remaining population. However, if the system fails to meet the alienated needs of individuals, it will have to bring to a halt the distribution of free-of-charge commodities.
However, the contribution of such a system lies in the elastic possibility of shifting away from the rigid capitalist form of production and distribution, where each work and commodity is directly charged for, to a completely free form of production where work and commodities distribution is carried out according to the needs of the population. The system can stand any oscillation in the social needs, including the return to charging for all commodities and services without any crisis, by immediately following the needs of the society.
If society would form natural material needs, then even the present-day economy in the developed countries could easily meet them. In such a society, the distribution of material goods could no longer be the basis for conflict in the society, as everyone would achieve in the distribution a share according to their own needs. The individual would then lose the need to possess goods in favour of the values of Being arising from the work and the rich relationship with the society and nature.
When collective commodity consumption manages to satisfy individual needs of inhabitants, then the income as a purchasing power of inhabitants would lose its significance. Naturally, work will be necessary further in order to maintain or increase the social standard. Work will survive because it will become a value in itself. The work organization will be strictly determined and will be, therefore, performed by management. Work obligations will always be assumed by work competition in the function of productivity and responsibility by past labour points. That will force the most productive producers to agree on the mutual production processes strategies. The work competition may develop to the point where associated producers will assume responsibility for the general satisfaction of all social needs.
When income starts losing importance, responsibility will be borne only by past labour points. Responsibility will be established by mutual assessment of inhabitants. The system necessarily requires and enables to the population a ramified system of assessment of the production quality of goods and services. Each positive assessment of a worker, their enterprise or a commune received from any inhabitant, consumer association, assessment or arbitration court will increase somewhat the total quantity of past labour points of workers. In this way, the productive expression of power against another individual will increase. And vice versa, a negative assessment would burden the inhabitants, enterprises, and communes according to the degree of responsibility established directly by the population, consumer association, arbitration or assessment courts. Sanctions will be carried out by subtraction of past labour points in the function of the received assessments and coefficient of worker's responsibility.
Such a system of valuation of conveniences and inconveniences may form natural norms for the relations in the society, which will to great extent replace the alienated normative decisions that govern the relationships of society by laws and regulations. Mutual assessment will form new unwritten rules of social relations, which will cover each pore of social behaviour, and the society will in this way achieve greater benefits and prosperity.
When the income of the population becomes abolished, past labour points will remain as a form of the individual's guarantee to meet obligations, as a factor of work competition, and measure of the individual's existential power.
When the demand for work as a form of manifestation of the power of Being becomes larger than the supply, then individual income, or ownership as an alienated form of the individual's power, would lose sense and the income function in the sense of presenting productive power would be taken over by past labour points.
Work competition could over time provide an opportunity for a general work freedom of workers. Or differently said, workers could at a certain degree of production development choose work posts and working hours according to their wishes and possibilities in agreement with other workers. This is possible to achieve by automation of production by way of computer technology that would replace forced and inconvenient work and form suitable work based on individual, creative and constructive approaches, as well as relaxing work.
If coordination of activities without force is established and the needs become satisfied in this way, income would fully lose its importance, while the usable value of work as a manifestation of workers' existential needs would remain. Once the work stops conditioning the material remuneration, and starts basing its existence on the satisfaction of free manifestation of existential needs, then free work comes into being and becomes a really direct value.
It may be supposed that in such a system income as a form of individual purchasing power would by direct voting of the population be equal to zero. The system would then achieve a free-of-charge production of commodities.
Monetary assets would then no longer have the function of establishing payment transactions, but would further serve as a means of direct voting of the society in regards to individual and collective needs. The money would then be a coordinator of homogenous developments in the society rather than a symbol of alienation separating the community of people. Then the relation of the individual toward another individual would no longer be the relation of commodities, but the essential relation that suits the individual's natural needs.
In such a system, all cash assets would be intended for collective consumption. The collective consumption will by direct vote of inhabitants be established at the level of the commune, republic, and the world. According to what has been said so far, it may be assumed that at a certain degree of development in the society, each consumer will be able to plan and order themselves the specific means of consumption. However, it is not realistic to expect that each inhabitant will have a need in determine all forms of consumption that will be necessary for them, because such a list may be too extensive in detail. Each inhabitant can, by the quantity of money intended for certain forms of collective consumption and on the basis of their own experience with the supply influence on the partial and global supply of the work products.
The overall consumption in the society can be directed by the funds of collective commodity consumption. The amount of money would further correspond to the overall value of goods, and all products would preserve the price set by agreement. The total amount of money and the price of commodities will serve as an instrument for the democratic orientation of production. The limits of money distribution are determined by the consumption practice with corrections made by the leadership of the commune, state and world. Within such limits, the population directly exerts impact on the distribution of money. The influence is performed by way of the spill over of money into funds more necessary for the collective consumption of the population. The richer funds will indicate to the leadership the orientation of the consumption interests of the population. More work will then be oriented to the field of such specific interest, in which way social needs will be satisfied. Further, each inhabitant can participate as well in the partial form of distribution of any fund up to the level where they will find its interest. Such money will be necessary until the point where the society will discover a more perfect method of coordination of its collective acting.
The proposed system enables the permanent coordination of a free system of production and distribution. The system has an infinite number of variants that may influence the social life and consciousness of the individual so that each individual in the society can achieve a broad prosperity. It is also worth mentioning that the formation of a free-of-charge production and consumption is not the purpose of the proposed system, but the seeking of natural relationships in the society that such a system enables. The system will overcome antagonism among the people as the result of alienated needs, values, and actions. The highest value of the proposed socio-economic system lies in the possibility of creating natural and harmonious social relations that will form natural needs and values.
In such a system the individual will find new interests in the outer world and in their own spiritual development. The individual will then have much free time to dedicate to themselves, the society, nature, work, arts, science, culture, philosophy, sports, entertainment, relaxation. A new sort of ethics will be formed, where the individual, perhaps, will need neither to be used for assessing another individual nor be assessed by any individual. Once the individual stops creating needs by comparing themselves with another individual, they will then come closer to their own nature, and will form the kind of relations with nature and society that suit their own nature.
Past labour points may be the last alienated form of manifesting the individual's power, which the individual will overcome by finding the values in them themselves and in their environment. Once the individual will have come to know their own paths, they will not have to go anywhere in searching for what they need, because all they need will be in their immediate environment, or even closer - in themselves. The most important reach of the individual's creation is they themselves. They get to know and develop themselves, their ideas and feelings. The more they get to know themselves, the more able they are to build harmony with the environment, the closer they can come to another individual, the more easiness of living they can find, as well as freedom, peace, joy, love, wisdom, a long and good-quality life they will have.
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November 13, 2013